The in-human host and in-mosquito dynamics of malaria parasites with immune responses Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • In this study, a mathematical model for the in-human host and in-mosquito dynamics of malaria parasite with immune responses was formualeted and analyzed. A positive invariant region of the model was established, and a basic reproduction number R0, of the model was computed. Existence and stability of two non-negative equilibrium points: malaria free equilibrium (MFE) and malaria infection equlibrium (MIE) were established. We, also proved that MFE is locally asymptotically stable if R0 < 1 and globally asymptotically stable (GAS) if R0 ≤ 1. Numerical simulations prove that MIE exists and is GAS. Moreover, our results revealed that immunity has significant influence on lowering malaria infection at blood and mosquito stages. However, an insignificant effect of immunity on both cells and parasites at liver stage infection was observed. Furthermore, the model depicts that infection decreases as lifespan of immune cells increases. The impact of immune cells to suppress production of merozoites is noted to be higher than that of antibodies to block invasion of sporozoites and merozoites

publication date

  • 2017