Sustainable management of wildlife resources in East Africa,a critical analysis of the legal, policy and institutional frameworks Academic Article uri icon


  • Wildlife treaties represent the oldest examples of international environmental law. They range from species-specific treaties 1 to treaties providing protection for regional species. 2 Most of the wildlife treaties have been concerned with the conservation/preservation of wild animal species and have not incorporated sustainable management. 3 In this paper we will use the term wildlife to include faunal resources only. Wildlife conservation, construed as preservation of wildlife, was not known in pre-colonial African societies. Conservation concerns were however, introduced into African laws as early as the 1900s 4 as a result of declining wildlife populations. 5 The most notable international agreement applicable to conservation in Africa is the 1933 Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in their Natural State signed by colonial powers and premised on setting up conservation areas. 6 In this paper I look at the national legal and institutional regimes for wildlife management in East African countries and the interface between these and international conventions dealing with wild - life management. I will critically analyse these regimes looking at the extent to which they provide mechanisms for sustainable wildlife management. By way of conclusion, I will identify ways of im - proving the efficacy of these regimes to ensure sustainable management of wildlife resources in the long run. For the purposes of this paper, we cover Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania mainland

publication date

  • 2015


  • Conservation
  • East Africa
  • Law
  • Wildlife
  • Wildlife management